While a majority of Latinos believe that homeownership is part of the American Dream, high housing costs and low incomes coupled with a lack of mortgage credit are locking them out of achieving it.
In the 10 cities in the nation with the highest median rents, households devote an average of 44 percent of their income to rent. NCLR overlaid the large Latino populations in these cities to show the high burden of rent on Latino households, who tend to earn below-median income, especially in places like Los Angeles, San Francisco, New York, and Miami.
While we’ve highlighted trends in the past indicating Latinos are being locked out of the American Dream of homeownership due to tightening mortgage credit standards, this analysis highlights the difficulty many Latinos have in simply affording rent, let alone being able to pay off debt to improve credit scores or saving for a mortgage down payment.
Between 2009 and 2013, an estimated 1.3 million Latino families lost their homes to foreclosure and were made to downsize or switch to renting rather than paying a mortgage. As income has stagnated for much of the American middle class, rents have sharply risen, leaving Latino families with few options and forcing them to devote even larger portions of their paychecks to rent. A report by Reis, a real estate research firm, shows that rents today are 15.2 percent higher than they were at the end of the recession in 2009, with no sign of this trend slowing down anytime soon. Though Latino household income did rise slightly last year, it is still shockingly low, and long-term stagnation of wages is damaging to the American economy.
Across all 10 cities, families devote close to half of their incomes to rent, with the average rent-to-income ratio a staggering 45.4 percent.
In Los Angeles, the city with the nation’s largest Latino population, average monthly rent for a one-bedroom apartment now costs $1,740, while the city’s median monthly household income is just $4,145. This means a family making the median income living in a median-rent apartment devotes 42 percent of monthly income to rent.
In Miami, where Latinos make up 70 percent of the population, the rent-to-income ratio is even starker, with 61.9 percent of income going toward rent each month in families making the median income. Only in notoriously expensive New York City is this rate higher, with families devoting more than 68 percent of their income to rent.
Low wages and high rents trap many Latinos in a vicious cycle of poverty and debt, putting homeownership out of reach. With such high housing costs, Latino families may have little income left over to pay off outstanding debt, which leads them to take on further debt, which can lower their FICO credit scores. Low credit scores, in turn, make qualifying for a mortgage even more difficult. According to recently released data from the Home Mortgage Disclosure Act, the top three reasons Latinos were denied mortgages in 2013 were debt-to-income ratio, credit history, and down payment issues.
While a majority of Latinos believe that homeownership is an important part of the American Dream, high housing costs are locking them out of achieving it. Because Latinos are increasingly the face of America’s housing market, how Latinos fare in the housing recovery will have implications for the entire nation’s economy. Sensible policies like increasing the minimum wage can help ease the burden by improving stagnating incomes. Similarly, housing regulators can reduce barriers to homeownership by making sure lenders stop the overcorrection in credit standards that are shutting millions of creditworthy borrowers out of the housing market. We must ensure Latino families aren’t kept out of the home-buying process at a time when recovery is needed most.